Committees & Chairpersons

 

United Nations Security Council (UNSC)

TOPIC A

After ISIS: Addressing Violent Non-State Actors

This topic discusses an issue that has not come up in conversations related to international security nearly enough. Violent Non-State Actors have presented the international community with complexities that have detracted from the ability of individual states to protect and serve their citizens.

Organizations like Boko Haram, FARC, Lashkar-e-Taiba, tribe-based militias, the Russian Mafia, the Syrian rebels, and different mercenary groups are among those classified as VNSAs, their diversity in how they are organized, how they sustain themselves, and where they are located among the challenges they present. Until now, there has been little international effort to classify, engage with, and recognize these organizations as members of the international security equation, many of which span multiple nations.

Though some individual nations have provided standards and protocol for handling these organizations, international protocol simply has not been sufficient and thus little coordinated action has been taken. Some important questions to consider include: what organizations should classify as VNSAs? Should they be separated into categories to be handled differently? How should they be handled, and how should the international community coordinate these confrontations if they become necessary?

 

TOPIC B

Revising global regulations for Lethal Autonomous Weapon Systems (LAWS)

Autonomous weapons are a rapidly developing technology, and with the advent of Artificial Intelligence it is expected that completely autonomous weapons will be conceivable in the future. Autonomous weaponry may be used in armed conflict or outside, having severe implications in both cases. Despite the Convention on Conventional Weapons meeting multiple times to discuss any possible regulation of the LAWS, there hasn’t been any significant step taken.

The possible use of any Autonomous Weapons raises legal and moral questions, and also poses a threat to local and international peace and security. The scope of these autonomous systems ranges from autonomous missile systems to auxiliary warfare devices like automated arms as well as robots, and it raises in its entirety questions about accountability and security.

 

STUDY GUIDE
CHAIRPERSONS

Ishaan Singh

Ishaan hails from New Delhi, India and is an Engineering student currently in his penultimate year of education. He has been participating in MUNs since 2010 and has been to over 30 International and Domestic conferences in the past 7 years. In his view MUNs are a platform for young minds to learn the nuances of diplomacy and debating, where all participants become aware of global happenings. He thinks of MUNs as not just an academic simulation, but an opportunity to learn about the world and obviously to meet new people! He has always been a very enthusiastic and systematic Chair and hopes to gives the delegates at MILMUN 2018 an unparalleled experience in terms of Committee Moderation. Besides MUNs, he loves to travel and click pictures. He keenly follows football and is an ardent Manchester United supporter.

Zuzanna Kalwat

Zuzanna is a First-Year International Economics and Management Student at Bocconi University, who began her MUN journey over 3 years ago. Originally from Poland, she has gained her MUN experience both domestically and internationally, not only as a delegate, but also as the Chair of UNODC and UNHCR Committees.
She believes that MUN is a great learning and public-speaking opportunity that empowers young people in expressing their options, as well as a chance to learn about the world through understanding the importance of being a global citizen. She also thinks that MUN is a perfect way to meet inspiring people from all around the world. Zuzanna looks forward to chairing her committee and giving you a memorable MUN experience, as well as an opportunity to meet new people and learn from each other.

 

World Health Organization (WHO)

TOPIC A

Addressing Bioterrorism as a Threat to Global Health

The next weapon of mass destruction may not be a bomb. It may be a tiny pathogen that one can’t see, smell or taste, and by the time it is discovered, it might be too late. Bioterrorism is the intentional release of viruses, bacteria, toxins or other pathogenic agents to cause disease or death in large masses. Using pathogens as bioweapon is easier than it has ever been before. Biological agents are relatively easy and inexpensive to obtain and can easily be disseminated. They are difficult to detect and do not cause illness for hours to days. Moreover, genetic engineering makes editing pathogens a lot easier: they can be altered to increase their virulence (ability to infect or damage a person) or make them resistant to medicines. The World Health Organization (WHO) is the authority for global health within the United Nations System. Therefore, the organization should serve as a global frontline defense against bioterrorism. Even though bioterrorism is embedded into the global security discourse, it is not the WHO’s responsibility to eradicate bioterrorist threats. Instead the WHO should focus on collective public health policies and biodefense, the use of medical measures to protect people against bioterrorism. Thereby the WHO can mitigate the effects of bioterrorism through preventive measures and an adequate response to an outbreak. Tools for that already exist; they include rigorous disease surveillance, rapid response systems, and public health investment in the most vulnerable countries.

There are a few existing national action plans (e.g. USA or EU). However, there is no global public health action plan. Moreover, the WHO has not examined armed conflicts and natural disasters as fertile ground for bioterrorism. They are incubators for bioweapons because they undermine public health systems and displace populations who are forced to live in crowded, unsanitary conditions. Conflicts also create millions of malnourished and displaced people as well as refugees who are highly vulnerable to pathogens and might easily spread them across borders. Thus, bioterrorism remains an “under-addressed” issue and the WHO has the responsibility to create a comprehensive global public health action plan against bioterrorism.

 

TOPIC B

Combating health issues faced by women and improving health care services

Women’s health has been a focus of attention since the beginning of time. It is one of the major issues which have been addressed both in the WHO and the UNWomen forum multiple times, and still there is much to do to improve health conditions for women. In many parts of the world, women are disadvantaged by discrimination rooted in sociocultural factors; therefore, the health of women and girls in these areas is of particular concern. This topic addresses the major problems that women face regarding health care. Women not only in developing but also in developed countries are subjected to gender violence, spousal rape, physical and psychological abuse. They are not provided proper health care due to social norms, discrimination, poverty and unequal power relationship between men and women. Women are often subjected to Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) which is a major threat to their health. They face increased vulnerability to HIV/AIDS. This topic also addresses the health problems as well as the lack of the provision of health services to women in armed-conflict zones. The need to protect women from Sexually Transmitted Infections (STI) is also a major point of concern.

 

STUDY GUIDE
CHAIRPERSONS

Tobias Simon Weitzel

Tobias is currently finishing his Bachelors in International Relations at the University of Erfurt, a small liberal arts university in the heart of Europe. He grew up in the suburbs of Frankfurt and spent some time in St. Louis, USA. In his studies, he focuses on Global Health and International security, hence the title of his bachelor’s thesis: “Global Health Security: The Biopolitics of Emerging Infectious Diseases”. He has also been working as a student assistant and teaching assistant for the chair of International Relations for the past two years. The “MUN-Virus” infected him at his first conference in 2014 and he has participated in various conferences ever since, both as delegate and chair. He is currently preparing for the entrance exam for medical school (Wish him luck!). With degrees in both International Relations and Medicine, he hopes to bridge the wide gap between political interests and medical knowledge in his later career in Global Health. Besides that, he is interested in the Asia-Pacific Region. He has been taking Chinese and Japanese classes since 2014 and studied abroad at Waseda University in Tokyo. Living in Japan made him realize that he would like to move there someday. Maybe for a few years – or more. Who knows? In his free time, he enjoys reading and spending ridiculous amounts of money on books (even though half of them end up as dust catchers on his book shelf). Tobias is looking forward to MILMUN, and the debates and collaboration to take place among delegates from all over the world.

Manal Malik

Manal is currently working as an intern in Munich, Germany. She was born and raised in Pakistan and has completed her Bachelors degree in Computer Science from Air University, Islamabad. After completing her degree program this year in June, she moved to Germany in October to start her internship experience at a start-up in Munich. Her MUN career started four years ago and ever since she has attended multiple MUNs both as a delegate and a committee chair. Although she has an IT background, but the international and social affairs have always been her major interests. Her experience with the MUNs in the past few years have made her more passionate towards attending MUNs and sharing her experiences with the other delegates, since there is a lot more to learn from the sessions apart from the debates and draft resolutions. Manal is a very cheerful and an outgoing person who loves to travel. She has been to Turkey for a voluntary experience and explored different cities in Turkey. She has also visited Paris and intends to explore other parts of Europe this year. She is an extrovert which makes it easier for her to make friends. She is interested in learning different languages, currently she is fluent in English and learning Deutsche as well. As a committee chair for WHO she hopes to provide an excellent learning experience for the delegates at MILMUN 2018!

 

International Labour Organization (ILO)

TOPIC A

Ensuring social security protection for migrant workers

The ILO defines “social security protection” as all those measures providing benefits to secure protection from the lack (or insufficiency) of work-related income caused by sickness, disability, maternity, injury, unemployment, old age, and similar factors. The notion addresses also the lack of access to health care, family support and general provision of public services. The increasing international labour mobility experienced in the recent years poses several challenges to migrants and their families with respect to social security protection. Migrant workers account for more than half of the world’s international migrants. They face the risk of either losing social security entitlements in their country of origin or that of having no coverage at all in the country of employment.

The main challenge is the inclusion of migrant workers into national social security programmes. Being mostly active in the informal sector of the economy, they often do not comply with national criteria of eligibility for social protection. On the other hand, in countries where access exists, coverage is often not adequate and in many cases, it differs from that provided to nationals. Another great challenge concerns the coordination among countries in granting continuous social protection to migrant workers and the members of their families while respecting the differences of each country’s system. It is relevant to notice that social protection is a key component in the achievement of (global) social inclusion.

 

TOPIC B

The Future of Work

The nature of jobs is undergoing profound changes due to deepening globalisation and unprecedented technology development, including new media, big data, robots and artificial intelligence. These developments provide new opportunities but also leave many people behind. In August 2017 ILO brought together leading economists, academics and representatives from governments and social partners to discuss themes such as accessibility to jobs for everyone, shaping the future of work for youth, organisation of production and governance of work. Their insights are collected in the report The Future of Work We Want: A Global Dialogue. Based on this and other reports, the committee will work on a comprehensive resolution recommending strategies for governments and non state actors to ensure equity and justice in the challenging global market which will probably keep evolving. Delegates will need to come up with creative and innovative ideas on how to balance stability and flexibility in the adjusted global economic system.

 

STUDY GUIDE
CHAIRPERSONS

Olga Osuchowska

Olga is currently a Psychology student at the University of Turin. She is originally from Lublin, Poland, and so far has also studied, lived and worked in Glasgow, Warsaw and Milan. Her academic and professional interests, experiences and aspirations link to various media, including creative writing, journalism, theatre, and filmmaking. Because of this background, she puts much attention to the performative aspect of MUN, considering it first and foremost a role-playing game. Olga is also a keen traveller most passionate about Middle East, Asia, and learning foreign languages from Esperanto to Arabic.

Sofia Di Cesare

Sofia is currently a second-year Bachelor student of International Politics at Bocconi University. Born in Milan but raised (fortunately) in Rome, she first took part in her high school MUN Conference at the young age of 15 and never abandoned the world of MUNs ever since. She regards these experiences as extremely valuable for acquiring knowledge on internationally relevant issues, but mostly for building long-lasting and valuable friendships. Moreover, she believes MUNs helped her improving her public speaking skills and gaining confidence in herself (hard to believe that she once used to be an awkwardly shy kid). She is now in the process of learning Russian, pushed by her adoration for Russian literature and culture. As a stubborn but incredibly passionate person, she hopes to give her delegates an enriching and unprecedented experience.

 

Economic and Financial Affairs Council of the European Union (ECOFIN)

TOPIC A

Harmonizing the corporate tax system in the EU

According to the Lisbon Treaty, fiscal matters are not an exclusive competence of the European Union, since each Member State is free to choose the tax system it believes most appropriate. However, recent events have shown how American giants have been able to minimize taxes and grab European market share at the expense of the local companies, raising awareness on the issue of tax avoidance. In facts, nowadays there is a considerable gap among European corporate tax rates: from more than 33% in France and Belgium to 12,5% in Ireland, which clearly raises the business attractiveness of the countries with the lowest ones.

The current situation therefore makes it clear that a project to balance the corporate taxation system has become indispensable. A first step towards harmonization has already been made through the Common Consolidated Corporate Tax Base (CCCTB), which has been re-launched in 2016: its aim is to create a common European tax system. It is now up to the delegates to defend their country’s position on the issue, acting on their best interests to find common ground on this controversial issue.

 

TOPIC B

Completing the European Banking Union

The European Banking Union was created in the aftermath of the Global Financial Crisis as it was noted that due to the unique structure of the European Union, with countries bound by a monetary union, problems in the financial sector can spread very quickly, even across national borders. Currently, the Banking Union consists of two mechanisms’: The Single Supervisory Mechanism (SSM), which ensures consistent supervision across member states and ensures the safety of the entire EU banking system, and the Single Resolution Mechanism (SRM), which was created to determine when banks are failing or likely to fail. The SRM has a board (Single Resolution Board or SRB) that outlines the most efficient resolution to ensure that the failure of a bank doesn’t spread through the system.

However, there is a last step that the European Commission believes is essential to complete the Banking Union. This last leg is called the European Deposit Insurance Scheme (EDIS). Some believe that this measure is a risk-sharing instrument while others point out that it reduces overall risk. Delegates should now decide if this third mechanism is adequate considering the great amount of public debt that some countries in the EU hold.

 

STUDY GUIDE
CHAIRPERSONS

Justine Husson

Justine is both French and Italian. She was born in France, where she spent her childhood, after which she moved to Venice, in Italy, when she was nine. After a Classic-European high school where she had the opportunity to experience MUNs for the first time, she came to Milan. She is currently enrolled in her second year of Bachelor in Economics and Finance at Bocconi University. Justine chose the ECOFIN Committee because it combines her interest in Economics with her passion for international issues. She is an optimistic and overly positive person, convinced that everyone can do something to make the world a better place. Speaking of the world, the things she undoubtedly loves the most are travelling and the magic of discovering new places and cultures. She is fluent in French, Italian, English and she speaks Spanish (not fluently but she loves this language!). In her Committee during MILMUN 2018, she hopes to motivate the delegates and she promises to always be available when you need her. She will give it everything to be an amazing Chair!

Carlos Torrado Ortega

Carlos was born and raised in Spain but his interest in travelling and discovering different cultures led him to live in three different countries so far. His first MUN experience was when he was finishing High School in the snowy State of Wisconsin in the USA. Since then, he has attended more MUNs that what his fingers can count. He has been delegate, chair, secretariat-member and, currently, he is Director-General for NottsMUN 2018 and Secretary-General (and founder) of NottsMUN HS. Outside MUN he is a second-year Politics and Economics student at the University of Nottingham where he is the VP of the UNA society and the Finance Coordinator of the International Students’ Network. He is very passionate about the functioning of our great Union and loves defending it every time a Brexiteer puts its importance in question. Carlos looks forward to meeting you at MILMUN 2018!

 

International Organization for Migration (IOM)

TOPIC A

Human Trafficking and Migration

Libya is one of the most important transit and destination countries for the African and Asian population, out of around 700,000 to 1 million migrants are expected to be within the country. The current situation consisting of insecurity and a lack of rule of law has eased the activity of smuggling networks that traffic with human beings. At any given time in 2016, an estimated 40.3 million people were in modern slavery, including 24.9 in forced labour and 15.4 million in forced marriage. Out of the 24.9 million people trapped in forced labour, 16 million people are exploited in the private sector such as domestic work, construction or agriculture; 4.8 million in forced sexual exploitation, and 4 million in forced labour imposed by state authorities.

In 2006 the IOM commenced activities in Libya including direct assistance, a protection unit and community stabilization programs. In the aftermath of the Libyan Civil War the United Nations established a Support Mission in Libya (UNSMIL). For its part, the European Union passed the Malta Declaration on 3 February 2017, with the aim of providing measures to stem the flow of immigration from Libya to Italy and the EU. However, the already existing operations seem to be insufficient as this last November the CNN issued a report that shows the existence of human beings auctions.

In this committee, you will need to work on possible solutions to protect migrants’ rights in Libya as well as measures to improve political stability in the country in order to stop human trafficking.

 

TOPIC B

Addressing the challenges of the Rohingya migration flow

The IOM has been producing world migration reports to increase the understanding of migration throughout the world. Going through the World Migration Report 2018, it’s apparent how concerned the IOM is with the issue of the Rohingya displacement and suffering. This ongoing crisis needs to be solved immediately for the security and lives of many migrants are at stake.

In just three months (September – November 2017) an estimated 624,251 Rakhine people (Rohingya refugees) have crossed into Cox’s Bazar, Bangladesh, fleeing from violence and oppression in Myanmar’s Northern Rakhine State. This brings the total population of Rohingya seeking safety in the district to about 836,000 people.

Since Bangladesh is a developing country with large population, providing shelter for migrants who have sought refuge to save themselves from the ongoing genocide will be more than an issue.

Rohingyas migrate not only to Bangladesh, but also to Saudi Arabia, Pakistan, the UAE, Malaysia, and other states. Even those journeys that do not have Bangladesh as a final destination are very risky. Moreover, successful emigration does not imply easy immigration and inclusion – food, shelter, language barrier and immigration rules are sources of further struggle, as are racism and extremism. The IOM is working in Bangladesh and in different countries to help immigrants. It hopes to solve this issue and bring to it the attention of global leaders and the wider public.

 

STUDY GUIDE
CHAIRPERSONS

Tamanna Tasneem Krity

Tamanna Tasneem Krity has just completed her Masters from University of Dhaka in Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, and is one of the more experienced MUNers in Bangladesh having been with the MUN from its early days. She is very creative and interested in many different fields. She believes in the quote of William James – Believe life is worth living for and your belief will help create the fact. Debating is and MUNing runs in her blood. She is now running her 15th year in the public speaking field. Currently is greatly involved with MUNs by regularly chairing at home and abroad and has 40+ MUN experiences. She was a regular award-winning delegate in her delegating time too. She served as international Chair in Asia Pacific Model United Nations 2016 and was also selected as a chair in London International Model United Nation 2017 as the first Bangladeshi Chair and also in the West London MUN 2017, Paris International Model United Nations 2017. She was an International Executive board member in BUGMUN, NSUIMUN, IIITHMUN-Hyderabad, IIITGMUN-Guwahati, BitsMUN-Pilani, BitsMUN Goa, etc. She is also a very talented painter who is the winner of many international and national art competitions. She also got interest in reciting poetry. She is not only a book worm but also a movie freak and a keen traveler. She loves to dive into new challenges and believes she can set new positive examples. She hopes you will enjoy every bit of your time in her committee.

Sonia Lopez

Sonia is undergoing her LLM at University Carlos III of Madrid. She was born and raised in the sunny city of Barcelona. In 2017 she graduated in Law, focusing on International Public Law and International Relations. In 2014 she became member of the United Nations Students Association of Barcelona and fell in love with MUNs. She has participated both in PIMUN and MILMUN. During her stay at Cornell University (NY, USA) she became tutor of the undergraduates’ team. Sonia is an overt and outgoing person who lives for travelling, only this summer she travelled around the United States, made a voluntary in Greece and relaxed in the Spanish shores. You should know in advance that, even though she loves it, she is a really bad dancer (wait and see). As chair of the IOM she would do her best to ensure that you never forget MILMUN 2018!

 

International Center for Journalists (ICFJ)

CHAIRPERSON

Seza Güzelöz

Justine is both French and Italian. She was born in France, where she spent her childhood, after which she moved to Venice, in Italy, when she was nine. After a Classic-European high school where she had the opportunity to experience MUNs for the first time, she came to Milan. She is currently enrolled in her second year of Bachelor in Economics and Finance at Bocconi University. Justine chose the ECOFIN Committee because it combines her interest in Economics with her passion for international issues. She is an optimistic and overly positive person, convinced that everyone can do something to make the world a better place. Speaking of the world, the things she undoubtedly loves the most are travelling and the magic of discovering new places and cultures. She is fluent in French, Italian, English and she speaks Spanish (not fluently but she loves this language!). In her Committee during MILMUN 2018, she hopes to motivate the delegates and she promises to always be available when you need her. She will give it everything to be an amazing Chair!