Committees & Chairpersons

 

United Nations Security Council (UNSC)

The United Nations Security Council is one of the six main organs of the United Nations. Under the Charter, the Security Council has primary responsibility for the maintenance of international peace and security. Under the Charter, all Member States are obligated to comply with Council decisions.

It takes the lead in determining the existence of any threat to the peace, breach of the peace or act of aggression. It calls upon the parties to a dispute to settle it by peaceful means and recommends methods of adjustment or terms of settlement. In some cases, the Security Council can resort to the deployment of peacekeeping operations, the imposition of sanctions or even to the authorization of the use of force to maintain or restore international peace and security.

The Security Council recommends to the General Assembly the appointment of the Secretary-General and the admission of new Members to the United Nations. Together with the General Assembly it elects the judges of the International Court of Justice.

It has 15 Members, and each Member has one vote. Five of them are recognized as “Permanent Members” of the Council. These are: The Peoples’ Republic of China, the French Republic, the Russian Federation, the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and the United States of America. The other 10 seats are granted to different UN Member States on rotational basis, with observance of the official UN regional division, and for a 2-year long term of office.

The Security Council meets year-round in New York City, USA. Each Security Council member must have a representative available at UN Headquarters at all times in case an emergency meeting becomes necessary.

Source: www.un.org/en/sc/

TOPIC A
Territorial disputes, claims and governance issues concerning the Arctic Ocean and Arctic littoral states
The Arctic is the area surrounding the North Pole. It consists of the Arctic Ocean and parts of Canada, Russia, Greenland, the United States, Norway, Sweden, Finland, and Iceland. Geographically, the Arctic is defined as the area north of the Arctic Circle (66° 33′N). The Arctic Circle is the approximate limit of the midnight sun and the polar night.

The situation in the Arctic can be characterized as one of the most contentious issues for the international and diplomatic community nowadays. Because of the multidimensional potential of the region, which has been attracting human exploration and exploitation since the BC period until today, the Arctic territory remains a subject of dispute between both the involved state-parties and the international community in general.

The resources of the territory in petroleum, gas, minerals (such as iron, cobalt, chromite, titanium etc), gold and diamonds are vast and the region also contains great wealth for fishery and forestry. Oil and gas extraction in the Arctic territory is mainly spotted in the Arctic Alaska and Arctic Russia. The fast moving development of transport and exploitation technologies make the Arctic region more accessible than ever. This, in turn, has led to a new scramble for territory and resources among five Arctic States. They are rushing to claim undeveloped and, in some cases, unseen territory in order to exploit natural resources estimated to be worth hundreds of billions of dollars. Although detailed scientific data on what lies under the Arctic Ocean is still rare, mineral deposits in the Arctic seabed are estimated to hold 25% of the world’s current oil and natural gas reserves. Experts also highlight the value of other resources such as coal, iron or copper that may lie in abundance. But, considering that an Arctic-specific legal regime is lacking, the expected new access to the Arctic does not only open up new opportunities for exploitation but also for heated territorial disputes concerning the question: Who owns the Arctic and, as a consequence, is entitled to the resources in the Arctic seabed?

TOPIC B
Settling a plan of action to monitor and verify North Korea’s nuclear program
Since the early 1950s the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea has periodically declared its need for a nuclear deterrent since the beginning of the Korean War. Early Developments started in 1952 with the Atomic Energy Research Institute and with the establishment of the Academy of Sciences as well as with cooperative agreements with the Soviet Union in the 1950s. In the early 1960s the Yongbyon Nuclear Research Center was built up, including a Soviet IRT-2000 nuclear research reactor and the demand for first nuclear tests in 1964, which were denied by the People’s Republic of China’s first leader Mao Zedong. From the 1970s to 1993 an Indigenous Development under the Radar of the international Community evolved, which included the Treaty on Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT), the Joint Declaration on the Denuclearization of the Korean Peninsula and a trilateral safeguards agreement with the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) and the USSR. After denied accesses to suspect waste sites, tensions and bilateral negotiations with the United States of America the Agreed Framework was signed in October 1994, which froze the People’s Republic of Korea’s plutonium program almost for a decade, before the international community became concerned that “North Korea” might have an illicit highly enriched uranium (HEU) program, which led to the Collapse of the Agreed Framework and the Withdrawal from the NPT. After detected activities around the Radiochemistry Laboratory in Yongbyon a multilateral dialogue began in Beijing with the aim of ending up Pyongyang’s nuclear weapons program in 2003. Initially a trilateral format including China, North Korea and the United States of America the process expanded to a six-party format with the inclusion of Japan, Russia and South Korea concluding a signed Statement of Principles whereby North Korea would abandon its nuclear programs and return to the NPT and the IAEA. But nuclear tests, failed negotiations and another nuclear test between 2006 and 2011 led to a new crisis and the UNSC Resolution 1718 imposed sanctions on North Korea and further amendments concerning security guarantees, the construction of light water reactors, the peaceful use of nuclear energy, the (improvement of) diplomatic relations, Financial Restrictions, Trade Normalization as well as a Verifiable and Irreversible Disarmament. Recent nuclear and rocket tests increased the tensions with the international community. In the light of successful negotiations with Iran concerning the monitoring and the use of its nuclear program in peaceful aspects and currently lasting UN and EU Sanctions towards North Korea the United Nations Security Council is now requested to take all its efforts in order to establish a sustainable and valuable plan of action to monitor and verify the People’s Republic of Korea’s nuclear program.
CHAIRPERSONS
Anna Sikorska

Anna is an International Relations graduate, currently taking a gap year between bachelor and master studies. She was one of the founders of the first academic Model United Nations in the capital of Poland in 2015 and served as Under Secretary-General at the 2016 edition.
Model UN became her passion in 2014 when she realized she can combine self-development with traveling at the same time.
The biggest weakness of hers is chocolate, make sure to have something sweet in order to bribe her!
Anna cannot wait to see you in Milan in 2017! She is sure that together with Daniel they will make Security Council great again!

Daniel Kirchhof

Born and raised in Berlin, Daniel currently pursues his Master Degree in European Studies. Studying vis-à-vis to the German-Polish border he focuses on European Foreign Policy, European Integration and Transformation Processes in Eastern Europe and the Balkans. After interim studies of Classy Philology and Roman Studies he holds a Bachelor Degree in History, Political Science and Sociology issued by the Humboldt University. Knowing the real diplomatic parquet by internships at the German Embassies in Copenhagen and Rome, in the German Federal Ministry of Foreign Affairs as well as in an international acting PR and Public Diplomacy agency he caught his MUN flame in 2014. Having lived in Aarhus, Copenhagen, Rome and Saint Petersburg he is highly interested in languages and different cultures. As he considers Belgrade and Berlin his home conference venues he cannot wait to travel to Milano for his sixth chairing experience. Chairing the United Nations Security Council dealing with issues of the international states community’s security and current tensions attracts him very much as he believes that “a smooth sea never made a skilled sailor”.

 

United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHRC)

The United Nations Human Rights Council is a United Nations body responsible for promoting and protecting human rights around the world and for addressing situations of human rights violations and make recommendations on them. It can discuss all thematic human rights issues and situations that require its attention throughout the year.

It is a subsidiary body of the United Nations General Assembly (one of the six main UN organs), which was established to replace the UN Commission on Human Rights by adopting resolution A/RES/60/251 on 15 March 2006. It works closely with the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights.

The Council also addresses important thematic human rights issues such as freedom of association and assembly, freedom of expression, freedom of belief and religion, women’s rights, lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) rights, and the rights of racial and ethnic minorities.

The Council consists of 47 United Nations Member States, which are elected by the UN General Assembly and the term of each seat is three years. No member may occupy a seat for more than two consecutive terms. It meets at the UN Office at Geneva, Switzerland.

Source: www.ohchr.org/EN/HRBodies/HRC/Pages/HRCIndex.aspx

TOPIC A
Implications for human rights in the context of climate change, natural disasters and forced displacement
Everyone is somehow affected by the climate change. Sudden natural disasters displace thousands of people each year. Often these types of disasters force people, even whole communities, to leave their homes and sometimes their countries. Since 2008 an average of 26.4 million people per year has been displaced from their homes by disasters brought by natural hazards. This is the equivalent to one person being displaced every second. It is further estimated that approximately 200 million people could be forced to leave their homes due to environmental disasters until the year 2050.
However both the existing international, regional and national laws unfortunately fail to address the problem that environmentally displaced persons face. The current international legal regime disregards the correlation between environmental degradation and human migration. Although there is a growing recognition that environmental displacement is occurring, there is no legal framework in place that provides EDPs with the rights and protections they need to survive. Similarly the international community has so far not agreed upon a binding definition for environmentally displaced persons. Thus EDPs constitute a vulnerable group; those basic human rights are at stake.
TOPIC B
Protecting and promoting the human rights of the LGBTI community worldwide
LGBTI (lesbians, gay, bisexual, transgender and intersex) rights have always been a highly controversial issue globally, since there is a great divide concerning, how they should be treated and dealt with. LGBTI individuals suffer both from official discrimination, in the form of state laws and policies that criminalize their sexual orientation and unofficial discrimination, in the form of social stigma, exclusion, and bias including at work, at home, at school and in health care institutions.
Currently in at least 76 countries discriminatory laws criminalize consensual same-sex relationships, exposing millions of individuals to the risk of arrest, imprisonment and in at least five countries the death penalty. Protecting LGBTI people from violence and discrimination does not require the creation of a new set of LGBTI-specific rights, nor does it require the establishment of new international human rights standards. The legal obligations of States to safeguard the human rights of LGBTI people are well established in international human rights law as they are enshrined in the United Nations Charter, The Universal Declaration of Human Rights and subsequently ratified with international human rights treaties.
The core legal obligations of States include the protection from homophobic, transphobic and discriminatory violence, the prevention of inhuman treatment, the repealing of laws criminalizing LGBTI individuals or denying them basic rights, eradication of hate and prejudice from the social community and much more.
CHAIRPERSONS
Veronika Virkenborg

Veronika is a 22-year-old law student who was born and raised in Stockholm, but decided to trace back her Polish roots by studying International and European Law at the University of Wroclaw. She recently graduated and is currently exploring what the world has to offer before she settles down for a Master of Law programme next fall. Besides sharing good food and drinks with friends, she has an absurd love for puppy dogs and travelling to exotic places.
She discovered the benefits of the MUN world during her first semester and she has been spreading the MUN virus all over Europe ever since. Her passion for international relations and human rights has taken her to over fifteen Model United Nations Conferences so far and it does not look like it will end there.
She is very excited to have the opportunity to chair this fascinating committee in order to ensure fruitful and professional debates. She looks forward to come back to Milan in order to meet both new and old faces and to be part of the MILMUN Secretariat.

Sofia Di Cesare

Sofia Di Cesare is 18 years old and was born in Milan, but was raised in Rome. Now she has come back to Milan to attend Bocconi University and is currently a first-year student in International Politics and Government. Her dream of joining an international organization, driven by her desire of always discovering new things, led her to the world of international issues and debates.
Her love for MUNs goes back to when she was 16 and participated as a delegate in a conference held at her high school. Since then she took part to four more conferences (including one in Istanbul and one in Chicago) always as a delegate. Therefore, this is going to be her very first time as a chair and she is honored to experience it this year at MILMUN in the Human Rights Council!
She is also an environmental activist so when she is not busy preparing for a MUN conference, you probably find her bothering someone about green and sustainable projects to support. In addition to that she is an avid reader, especially of the classics, a Harry Potter freak, and a rock music addict.

 

United Nations Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC)

The United Nations Economic and Social Council is responsible for coordinating the economic, social, and related work of 15 UN specialized agencies, their functional commissions and five regional commissions.

The UN Charter established ECOSOC in 1945 as one of the six main organs of the United Nations.

The ECOSOC serves as the central forum for discussing international economic and social issues, and for formulating policy recommendations addressed to member states and the United Nations. The Council is often considered as central platform for fostering debate and innovative thinking, forging consensus on ways forward, and coordinating efforts to achieve internationally agreed goals.

It has 54 members, which are elected by the United Nations General Assembly for overlapping three-year terms. It holds one four-week session each year in July in New York City, USA and since 1998, it has also held a meeting with finance ministers, heading key committees of the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund (IMF) in April.

Source: www.un.org/ecosoc/en/home

TOPIC A
Heading towards a joint initiative for reducing global youth unemployment
Youth unemployment has emerged as a prominent challenge for our society, with the ILO recently estimating that worldwide 71 million young people (more than the population of France) are unemployed and that a further 156 million young workers are living in poverty. This is a problem that endangers the very social cohesion of all countries, regardless of their continent or of their political leanings and it is therefore of paramount importance for the Economic and Social Council of the United Nations to tackle it head-on.
In a world that grows more and more interconnected and globalized every day, it is crucial for the United Nations and more specifically for ECOSOC, to provide a vital forum for national governments to cooperate, share and discuss possible policies to ameliorate the scale of the plague of youth unemployment.
TOPIC B
Establishing an international framework for encouraging women’s economic empowerment
The position of women in society is one the main factors that affect career opportunities and their income, resulting the so called gender pay gap. Gender equality is considered by the UN Development Programme crucial in order to achieve sustainable development and to improve global economy. ECOSOC has always taken this matter into serious consideration, as they submitted the Resolution 2001/41 on gender mainstreaming in July 2001. The delegates of the Committee will be called to focus on social and economic strategies that will have positive impact on the issue, think of ways to help women in rural areas and discuss upon maternal leave and social security.
CHAIRPERSONS
Luigi Dante Gaviano

Luigi Dante Gaviano is Italian, who was born and raised in Rome. After several years spent in Italian state schools, he attended a British international school in his hometown for the last few years of high school, where he completed the IB Diploma course. There he first discovered the joys of MUN and had the fortune of attending conferences across the continent from Paris to Turin first as delegate and then as Chair.
His MUN journey is now continuing in his first year of university in Cambridge, where he is currently studying Economics at Trinity College.
He very much looks forward to return to Italy as a Chair at the prestigious Milan MUN conference, where he will have the honour of presiding over ECOSOC.

Krystallenia Manavi

Krystallenia Manavi is 20 years old. She is currently an undergraduate student of Political Sciences at Aristotle University of Thessaloniki. Her experience in MUN conferences started when she was in high-school. MILMUN 2017 is going to be her 10th conference. She is mostly interested in social issues, human rights and foreign politics. One of her strongest passions, is gender equality, and she constantly tries to be involved with projects that promote this cause and this is why she is more than thrilled to direct this extremely interesting and challenging committee. She also enjoys meeting new exciting cultures and languages. She speaks English, Greek, Russian, Italian and a little bit of French. Her ultimate dream is that one day she will become a part of a new, more equal and peaceful world that will belong to all of us. Apart from politics, she enjoys going to the movies, writing articles and having fun with her friends. She is really looking forward for this amazing new trip to begin, and she wishes to all of you to meet new friends, to exercise your public speaking, to have fun and may your inner diplomat make you proud! See you in Milan!

 

League of Nations (LN)

The League of Nations was the first intergovernmental organization, whose main mission was to maintain world peace and it is considered as precursor of the United Nations.

US-president Woodrow Wilson proposed in point 14 of his “Fourteen Points” the foundation of “a general association of nations”. During the Paris Peace Conference, countries discussed Wilson’s Fourteen Points and therefore as well the foundation of the League of Nations. The foundation was formalized through the Versailles Treaty, signed by all Principal Allied and Associated Powers and the central power Germany on 28 June 1919. The official foundation was 10 January 1920.

In its 26 years of existence, the League of Nations had to fight many different conflicts and crisis, like the Second Italo-Ethiopian War and the 1918 flu pandemic. Many of these conflicts and crisis could be solved, others remained unsolved.

The League manly struggled from the not-participation of the USA. Other great and middle powers withdrawn their membership or joined years after the foundation. In the end the League of Nations failed to achieve their goal to maintain world peace as it could not prohibit World War II.
It was headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland.

Source: www.unog.ch/80256EDD006AC19C/…/OpenDocument

TOPIC A
Greco-Turkish War (1919–22)
It’s summer 1920, and a year has passed since the League of Nations was formed. The Executive Council has thus far held 7 sessions, with the Assembly yet to meet. This organisation has set up with the primary mission of maintaining world peace and faces its first major conflict challenge with the Greco-Turkish war.
The Greeks are well underway with their summer offensive on Turkey (with the aid of British troops), with the aims of increasing the defence around Izmir (Smyrna) which they took control of back in summer 1919. The Allies now support the assignment of eastern Thrace and the millet of Symrna to be given Greece.
As the Ottomans prepare to sign the Treaty of Sèvres, and the Greek army prepares further advances into Anatolia, it is up to the League to try and reach a diplomatic solution to the Greek offensive, as well as make sure the Ottomans ratify the treaty of Sèvres.
The League, at this moment in time, is organic and able to establish new frameworks, there is a large scope for change and evolution for the council as its powers are not yet fully determined; therefore, could the delegates change the shape of this to come by changing the League itself as well as solving the issue of the Greco-Turkish War?
TOPIC B
Second Italo-Ethiopian War (1935-1936)
It is the 2nd of October and Benito Mussolini proclaims in front of a praising crowd the declaration of war to the Empire of Ethiopia. There is no formal declaration of war and the two nations are members of the League. The military situation is spreading, overwhelming Italian forces are pushing back the Ethiopian army and the Negus (Emperor of Ethiopia) Haile Selassie asks for international support.
The first report of independent experts signals the use of unconventional weapons, actions against civil population and war crimes on both sides of the conflict.
Otherwise, instability is the main feature of the European situation. The economic crisis, rearmament of Germany and the attempt of the Austrian Anschluss of 1934 are just some of the issues in front of the international community.
In this landscape, the Kingdom of Italy is attempting to achieve a predominant position in the Mediterranean Sea and in Africa. At the same time, the Italian Prime Minister, Benito Mussolini, intends to avenge the defeat of the first Italo-Ethiopian war of 1890s and transform Italy in a dominant colonial power.
All this threats to stability are contributing to increase tension. It is now time for delegates of the League of Nations to decide which solutions needs to be taken.
CHAIRPERSONS
Ananias Kapourkatsidis

Ananias is a fourth year student of the Department of Political Sciences in the Aristotle University of Thessaloniki. He is the President of the Political Sciences Students’ Union for the spring semester of the academic year 2016-2017. His first MUN experience started back in 2008 and the love for model conferences burns since.
Having participated in more than ten international MUNs, Ananias had the chance to delve into various issues of historical, political and international interest, such as the Napoleonic Wars, the struggle against terrorism, the nuclear disarmament and human rights violations. He has also made friends from Romania, Turkey, Russia, Germany, France, Pakistan and India. Apart from Greek, Ananias speaks English and some French and he is a freelance writer in Greek and foreign blogs.
In his free time, he hikes the mountains of Greece, reads literature and poetry, cooks and feels sad that his guitar is gathering dust in a corner of his bedroom.

Giovanni Maria Ficarra

Giovanni is a third year student of economics and social sciences at Bocconi University. His MUN experience begun in 2015 with MILMUN and since then his love for politics and international relations has grown more and more. He is the proud co-founder of an historical society in Bocconi and a speaker for the Breaking News of Radio Bocconi. He is also an EU lover and an active member of Bocconi Students MILMUN Society.
He loves debating, swimming, cooking, reading and video games. During the relaxed moments of the conference, he would be really glad to talk about his love for history and politics, his endless appetite for the unlimited succession of facts and persons and the strange struggle between and inside nations. This MUN will be his first time as chair and he promises that he’ll do his best to ensure you a beautiful experience in this amazing University.
He is pawing to meet you and his wonderful co-chair, and he cannot wait to see you work, write, debate and enjoy with us the 2017 edition of the best MUN of his wonderful country.

 

European Council

The European Council is an official institution of the European Union which sets the EU’s policy agenda, traditionally by adopting “conclusions” during European Council meetings, which identify issues of concern and actions to take.

It is mentioned by the Lisbon Treaty as a body, which “shall provide the Union with the necessary impetus for its development”. Essentially it defines the EU’s policy agenda and it is considered as motor of European integration. Beyond the need to provide “impetus”, the Council has developed further roles: to “settle issues outstanding from discussions at a lower level”, to lead in foreign policy — acting externally as a “collective Head of State”, “formal ratification of important documents” and “involvement in the negotiation of the treaty changes”.

The members of the European Council are the heads of state or government of the 28 EU member-states (depending on the executive power according to the constitution of the country), the European Council President and the President of the European Commission. The High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy also takes part in European Council meetings, when foreign affairs issues are discussed.

The meetings of the European Council (commonly referred to as EU summits) take place usually in Brussels, Belgium at least twice every six months.

Source: www.consilium.europa.eu/en/european-council/

TOPIC A
European cooperation and response to the large-scale migratory pressure
After humanitarian and refugee crisis in 2015, the numbers of migrants and asylum seekers started to drop. Data shows that, through January and February of 2016 the number of migrants in Greece were four times lower then in the same period of 2015. In March, the numbers kept dropping after EU – Turkey deal and closing the Western Balkan route. Meanwhile, due to improved weather conditions, the number of mainly African migrants crossing the sea to Italy doubled between February and March, reaching nearly 9,600 in March 2016, compared to 2,283 in March 2015. More than 66,000 mostly African migrants have arrived in Italy since the start of 2016.
Contrary to what is often stated, under the Dublin III Regulations, there are no direct obligations for asylum seekers to apply for asylum in the first EU country they enter. Yet, during the 2015 European refugee and migrant crisis, Hungary became overburdened by asylum applications to the point that it stopped on 23 June 2015 receiving its applicants who later crossed the borders to other EU countries. Germany decided, in August 2015, to take responsibility in processing Syrian asylum applications for which it is not responsible under Dublin III Regulations and at the same time, Member States in Visegrad group (Poland, Hungary, Slovakia, Czech Republic) are strongly disagreeing with revision of Dublin Regulation, specifically referring to the eventual introduction of new mandatory or permanent quotas for solidarity measures.
The issue of refugee crisis is not a single Member State issue, but a joint European Union problem, and all Member States need to share the burden of refugee crisis. . Diplomatic correspondence and compromise needs to be reached in order to create Common European Asylum Policy. Moreover, the step after migration is integration, and Member States have different positions on how to incorporate asylum seekers into their society.
TOPIC B
European Union and Latin America: Implementing strategic alliances and synergies
Countries and communities in Europe and Latin-America are tight by a bond of culture and history, in which they share the values and principles of liberty, equality, tolerance, human rights and rule of law. As an expanding world Latin American and the European Union have a huge potential for further cooperation in the period of global challenges, changes and developments. Future summits between EU-CELAC (Community of Latin America and Caribbean States) will be in a new geopolitical scenario with emerging actors and changes in foreign relations. However the different blocks of LAC (Latin America and Caribbean) regions might not be able to reach a similar agreement due social-political events deteriorating the relations. The strength of political dialogue has been the main subject, specifically to established a discussion of political, economic and social issues with diverse agreements between the regions in international character to reinforce peace and security cooperation, innovation, refugees and migrants, World Drug Problem, Climate Change and more. How can the EU enhance the cooperation with Latin America and create synergies with different regional integration in order to consolidate an effective multilateralism?
“If one third of the United Nations population can agree on something, there will be enormous pressure and enormous energy behind it.” – Peteris Ustubs, Senior expert at the Cabinet of the High Representative of the EU, Federica Mogherini.
CHAIRPERSONS
Paola Markek

Paola Markek was born in Zagreb, Croatia in April of 1993. After finishing high school she enrolled into the Faculty of Political Science in Zagreb. After four years she received her Bachelor’s degree. Currently she is a Master’s student in International Migration and Ethnic Relation at Malmo University in Sweden.
The decision to move to Sweden was mostly a result of wanting to cross to a field of profession that is more narrow than the political sciences. The current debate over migration was another motivating factor.
She is a strong believer in the work of United Nations and the European Union. She sees the benefits of the life in the Union for all its citizens. In the future she sees herself creating new policies that would be applicable to a larger group of people.

Arantxa Anali Carrillo

Arantxa Carrillo has the greatest honour to serve you as Chair of the European Council. She is from Venezuela and currently enrolled in Catholic University of Milan in International Relations and Global Affairs bachelor. She has actively participated in MUNs for 6 years and wrapped herself in a world that she thought it did not exist. It made a great connection to her interest in languages, cultures and Venezuela’s situation. She has attended nine conferences as a delegate, three of them recognized by Venezuelan United Nations Association. Her interest area is human rights, third generation rights and education; curiously topics she has discussed. She had been called to chair four times in high-school level MUNs and during her senior year she was assigned as Secretary General of SAJSMUN and Chief of the Delegation of her high-school. What initiated as a game, end up begin her major career. After she graduated from high school, she took a gap year and worked as an English teacher. Parallel to her work she did a diploma in Diplomacy and Protocol in International Relations with the Ambassador Julio Cesar Pineda.

 

International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL)

Interpol is the world’s largest international police organization and second largest international organization after the United Nations in terms of countries represented. It functions as a network of criminal law enforcement agencies from different countries and as an administrative liaison among the law enforcement agencies of the member countries, providing communications and database assistance.

It was established as the International Criminal Police Commission (ICPC) in 1923 and adopted the current name in 1956.

Its work focuses primarily on public safety and battling terrorism, crimes against humanity, environmental crime, genocide, war crimes, organized crime, piracy, illicit traffic in works of art, illicit drug production, drug trafficking, weapons smuggling, human trafficking, money laundering, white-collar crime, computer crime, intellectual property crime, and corruption.

Interpol gathers 190 member countries often represented in the Interpol General Assembly through delegates linked to the respective main countries law enforcement agencies (e.g. FBI, Scotland Yard, Carabinieri, Politsiya, Bundespolizei, Policía Nacional de Colombia, Gendarmerie Nationale …). It is headquartered in Lyon, France.

Source: www.interpol.int

TOPIC A
Environmental Crime: Setting a global roadmap to dismantle the criminal networks behind
The environment and the balance of the ecosystems have always constituted the cornerstone of sustainable development, health, food security and physical and mental wellbeing. The systematic environmental degradation that followed the rise of the industrial and technological revolution did not meet a comprehensive and decisive reaction on both national and international level. The lack of enforcement strategy of the binding legal framework and the emphasis on the civil character of the enforcement actions undermined every effort towards dismantling the natural resources depletion. At the same time, illicit environment-related activities expanded in a large scale and obtained the characteristics of an organized criminal activity, which the scientific community calls environmental crime.
Environmental crime presents complexity, it is often interlinked with other criminal activities, and has all features of the 21st century’s crime: expansion by using new technology, easier recruitment and fundraising, macro-economic dimensions, fixed network databases and the capacity to amplify at unprecedented speed. It is estimated that this new area of criminality has diversified and skyrocketed to become the world’s fourth largest crime sector in a few decades, according to UNED ( United Nations Environmental Program),
In INTERPOL Committee, the world’s largest international police organization, we shall seek together the very roots of this environmental criminal activity, we will investigate and recognize all its individual forms and aiming to establish updated and effective services, databases and procedures that will set a global and secure roadmap towards eliminating further environmental degradation!
TOPIC B
Strengthening international police cooperation for combating drug trafficking and its related crimes
During the second half of XXth Century the illegal drug market has lived a huge growth in most parts of the world, as well as it already affects people in almost all of the INTERPOL member countries: growers, producers, couriers, suppliers, dealers and users are involved in this structural criminal act that concerns us.
Global abuse and accessibility to drugs have become increasingly widespread as trafficking routes have become shorter, more diverse and borders more easily crossed.
Being this said, the Committee debate will focus, first of all, on the main crimes related to the use and traffic of the most common narcotic drugs. Then, knowing the new drug trafficking trends and the criminal organizations operating at the international level, the Delegates will have to debate on how to assist all national and international law enforcement bodies concerned with countering the illicit production, trafficking and abuse of drugs.
We want the Delegates to work as real criminal intelligence officers, capable to identify and fight the problem from a global sight, but keeping in mind the fact that every single State starts the fight from a different starting point.
CHAIRPERSONS
Petros-Orestis Katsoulas

Petros-Orestis Katsoulas is 22 years old studies law in the University of Athens. He has always been interested in International and European Law and especially the International Human Rights law, a field of great importance during the contemporary years of the systematic violations and the extensive abuses even of the most fundamental freedoms. The system of the UN have always exercised a particular influence on him, as he considers the UN mechanisms the cornerstone for an equal and just world, where rule of law, freedom and democracy can be achieved.
He has participated in various MUN conferences during his academic years in the University, which brought him in contact with the UN world, the basic notions of International law and the multicultural dimension of the global community. Both as a delegate and as a chairperson he tried to act respecting the ideals and the principles of the UN, and this respect is for him the biggest challenge for future diplomats and researchers.
Furthermore, he has participated in many academic activities, such as simulations, legal research groups, mock trials and conferences. His interest in the multiculturalism pushed him to learn five foreign languages which he keep improving and cultivating, while his engagement in different international events and projects contributed to his personal and mental fulfillment. This year MILMUN 2017 entrusted him with the position as chairperson in INTERPOL. Along with his co-chair, he will have the opportunity to direct the discussion of one of the most challenging committees worldwide, which battles the organized crime in all its aspects. Their goal is to make those delegates who will participate in INTERPOL Committee to obtain a deep and thorough background on the criminal aspects of the International Community. He ends up this small presentation with an extract of Fyodor’s Dostoyevsky Crime and Punishment “A hundred suspicions don’t make a proof”!

Carlota Collados I Ponsdomènech

Carlota Collados I Ponsdomènech, is 20 years old and currently studying both third and fourth-years of the Law Degree in the Universitat Pompeu Fabra, Barcelona. She has always had a special interest towards international relations and geopolitics, interest that she later confirmed in her first MUN experience in 2013. Ever since she fell in love with the Model United Nations world, joining her city’s United Nations Students’ Association and taking part in a few international conferences, first as a Delegate, later as a Chairperson.
Besides from her academic pursuits in criminal law and international relations, she also take particular interest in learning languages, as she is fluent in 5 idioms: Catalan, Spanish, English, French and Italian. Also, in her free time she likes watching TV series and movies, as well as spending time with her loved ones and aiming her adventurous soul to let itself free.
She is really looking forward to find a high level debate in INTERPOL, as well as bunch of Delegates willing to have fun!

 

International Center for Journalists (ICFJ)

The International Center for Journalists is a professional organization located in Washington DC, USA, that promotes journalism worldwide.

Since 1984, the International Center for Journalists has worked directly with more than 70,000 journalists from 180 countries over 27 years. Its network includes journalists from important global news agencies, newspapers, news broadcasting companies and televisions (e.g. Reuters, CNN, Al Jazeera, BBC, The Wall Street Journal, RT, TeleSUR, Bloomberg, CCTV, The Guardian …).

In the ICFJ journalists represent important media companies. They are always ready to report and provide news about the ongoing events around the globe in the best and fairest way possible through their respective points of view and media policies within a compelling and competitive international news challenge and exchange of different views and opinions.

Source: www.icfj.org

EDITOR-IN-CHIEF
Aleksander Baworowski

Aleksander started his MUN career during WrocMUN 2011 as a delegate to EcoSoc. Attended conferences across Europe, lived on two separate continents and graduated IB Diploma Programme in 2013 and double degree in International Bussiness and Managment at Akademia Leona Koźminskiego in Warsaw and Mannheim Cooperative State University in 2016. Vice president of the board for Model United Nations Association Poland. Interested in politics, economy and travelling, he is also fascinated with modern military.

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