Concept

MILMUN 13th Conference:

“The Concept of Citizenship and the Changing Role of the Nation”

Bocconi University, Milan – 9th to 13th April 2018

Background

The thirteen edition of MILMUN, the first and longest lasting Model United Nations conference in Italy, will be held from April 9th to 13th, 2018 in Milan. The conference is organized by the MILMUN Association and is hosted by Bocconi University. From 2006 to 2017 the MILMUN conferences have brought more than 1500 top students from over 100 universities with more than 80 different nationalities with all five continents being represented to Milan, Italy. Their main fields of study were just as diverse, ranging from Economics, International Relations and Law to History, Medicine and Mathematics.


The main purpose of the conference is to give university students the chance to practice diplomacy by impersonating the role of a diplomat or chairing one of the committees. This will help them train a set of skills, including the ability to speak confidently in public, negotiation skills to form alliances and furthering their country’s position and the drafting of diplomatic documents. The main outcome of the simulation will be contained in the resolutions that each committee will pass on the topics discussed throughout the week. This document is the outcome of strenuous research on the issues under discussion and of challenging negotiations in the conference sessions. Resolutions will also be sent to the respective international organizations’ organs to challenge them on taking innovative solutions towards some of the most urgent issues on the international agenda.

 

2018 Conference theme

We live in an increasingly interconnected world. International exchange is no longer only a feature of economic transactions, but is becoming a defining characteristic of our everyday lives. We share information and entertainment on the internet, we travel more easily and cheaply than ever, and we can study and work abroad almost anywhere on earth.

When looking at the more political and economic implications of this phenomenon, which some call globalization, one consequence above all is at the center of many modern debates: the fading of national borders. As economic and political incentives lead to internationalization, fewer important processes occur exclusively within national borders, so that the relevant decision-making often must be shifted to an international level. Yet some regret this loss of national sovereignty as they feel power becoming more removed, and this regret fuels a new wave of nationalism that we see today – from the no-global movements to pulling out of international treaties.

 

On a parallel track, the fading of national borders also weakens a concept that is fundamental for the nationalistic approach: the feeling of citizenship. The global economies of scale and the regional specialization, paired with dramatic improvements in transport infrastructure and the widespread of English as a communication tool, make it both easy and often advantageous to move for work reasons. Thus people often live in different countries from where they were born, and sometimes they will have studied in yet other ones. Improvements in transportation also make it easier to run away from war and famine, leading to the mass migration flows we see today. In this multicultural context, the concept of citizenship can no longer be defined in the traditional sense, as a shared feeling of belonging among members of a nation based on a deeply rooted common history.

It is clear, therefore, that the related concepts of nation and citizenship are key in understanding and shaping our world today. Many of the issues we read about everyday – from migration to common EU policy, from international accords to the scope of the UN itself – not only revolve around the consequences of this changing scope of nation and citizenship, but could also be tackled more effectively by reflecting on the implications of these changes.

 

The following committees will be simulated:

  • WHO:
    A: Addressing Bioterrorism as a Threat to Global Health
    B: Combating Health Issues Faced by Women and Improving Health Care Services
  • IOM:
    A: Addressing the Challenges of the Rohingya Migration Flow
    B: Human Trafficking and Migration
  • ECOFIN:
    A: Harmonizing the Corporate Tax System to Tackle Fiscal Avoidance in the European Union
    B: Seeking the Completion of the European Banking Union to Further Strengthen the European Economic and Monetary Union
  • ILO:
    A: Ensuring Social Security Protection for Migrant Workers
    B: The Future of Work
  • UN Security Council:
    A: The Situation in the Middle East Post-Islamic State Regulating
    B: The Use of Lethal Autonomous Weapons
  • ICFJ: International Center for Journalists : join our transnational press room!

 

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