Topic Area A: Labor Rights in Emerging Economies
Economic growth patterns have been altered. No longer does the Western Nation polarity control the management and distribution of goods and services in an arbitrary way. Backward supply-chain countries such as Argentina and Bangladesh have increasingly gained more bargaining power as they exploit their resource potential in a period of financial turmoil within the Eurozone and the United States of America. Brazil, after a period of political uncertainty, has tapped into its significant mass of natural resources, thus becoming an economic force to be reckoned with. China and India have come to present the international community with unprecedented economic expansion rates due to “technological catch-ups” and the utilization of their vast human capital. Hence, the term “Emerging Economies” has been coined to define countries that exhibit characteristics such as those of the aforementioned ones.
However, what does general growth entail for the individual, unskilled worker in terms of their freedoms? Are Labor Rights adhered to in such countries, or have working conditions become of an even lower quality? Does quantified, material well-being for the nation stand for improved working and living standards for its people? More importantly, what can the U.N. do to ensure an equitable treatment of all stakeholders that constitute an Emerging Economy’s labor force?
Topic Area B: Human Rights violations in the Middle East following the Syrian crisis
The Middle East has never been an area of freedom in terms of individual life choices and freedom of expression. The well-rooted concepts and clear idea of fair and legitimate government are limited not only by religious law but also by tradition, authority figures and institutions. However, in the past two years, Middle Eastern countries have moved to establish democracy with different paces and varying successes. “Arab Spring” is the term that refers to the democratic uprisings that have spread across the Arab world in 2011. The movement originated from Tunisia in December 2010 and quickly took a firm grip on Egypt, Libya, Syria, Yemen, Bahrain, Saudi Arabia, and Jordan. It had a great impact over the world and has potential long-term consequences greater than both 9/11 and the global financial crisis of 2008. The uprising in North Africa, the protests in the Maldives, the “Occupy Wall Street” movement, as well as the ”Occupy Nigeria” protests, were motivated by the Arab people, using the “revolutionary Arab Spring tactic” to achieve their goals of curbing corporate power and control. All these riots show the world that we are facing a serious systemic problem and that the whole planet is experiencing difficult times with regard to the maintenance of individual freedoms.
That said, despite the positive connotation it carries, the “Arab Spring” has not completely eradicated Human Rights infringements in countries such as Syria, where thousands have lost and are still losing their lives fighting for a better tomorrow. This is due to the fact that the process of democratic transformation has been easier for some nations and more difficult for others. Within the UN HRC, we will explore the difficulties faced by Middle Eastern countries concerning the respect of individual Human Rights and Liberties as well as measures to ameliorate the situation within the framework of the aforementioned recent developments.
Human Rights Council
|Costa Rica||Czech Republic||Ecuador|
|Poland||Qatar||Republic of Korea|
|Turkey*||United Arab Emirates||United States of America*|
|Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)||Yemen*|
|Amnesty International*||Human Rights Watch*|
positions marked with an asterisk (*) require 1+ MUN experience
positions marked in green are AVAILABLE
positions marked in red are TAKEN